Refleksi Teologis Gereja Dan Kewirausahaan Jemaat Di Masa Pandemik Coronaviruses Disease 2019

  • Roedy Silitonga Universitas Pelita Harapan
  • Janice Veronica Universitas Pelita Harapan
  • Timothy Malvin Universitas Pelita Harapan
  • Hans Christian Universitas Pelita Harapan
Keywords: Church, Congregation, Entrepreneurship, Pandemic

Abstract

The church conducts entrepreneurship for the congregation and the community as one of the fulfillment of cultural mandates. One form of church social service is congregational entrepreneurship during the COVID-19 pandemic. The impact of the pandemic has made it difficult for the congregation to meet the needs of daily life. Therefore, the church as an institutionalized individual and community is responsible for carrying out concrete social services through entrepreneurship. This research is a theological response for the church to address the pandemic conditions specifically related to entrepreneurship. This paper uses the literature study method and theological reflection approach. The results of this study are the formation and increase of entrepreneurship managed by congregations and churches in the COVID-19 pandemic area.

  Abstract View: 1091, pdf Download: 739

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahmad, Pengertian Kewirausahaan: Konsep, Tujuan, Sifat dan Jenis Wirausaha, https://www.gramedia.com/literasi/pengertian-kewirausahaan/

Amtiran, Abdon (2020). Pandemi Covid-19 dan Implikasinya terhadap Polarisasi Mazhab Theologi di Indonesia. Magnum Opus: Jurnal Teologi dan Kepemimpinan Kristen.Vol 1, No 2, Juni 2020): 64-71.

Ardianto, Yoni (2019). Memahami Metode Penelitian Kualitatif, https://www.djkn.kemenkeu.go.id/artikel/baca/12773/Memahami-Metode-Penelitian-Kualitatif.html.

Audina, Nur Indah Farrah (2021). Tinjau Vaksinasi di Gereja Kristen Jawa Gandaria, Mas Anies: Vaksin Mengurangi Resiko Gejala Berat, https://jakarta.tribunnews.com/2021/07/31/tinjau-vaksinasi-di-gereja-kristen-jawa-gandaria-mas-anies-vaksin-mengurangi-resiko-gejala-berat.

Berkhof, Louis. Teologi Sistematika: Doktrin Gereja, Penerjemah: Yudha Thianto. Surabaya: Momentum, 1997.

Barlian, Rei Rubin dan Ana Budi Kristiani (2020), Pengembangan Jiwa Kewirausahaan Dalam Program Gereja Mitra Di Gereja Kristen Abdiel Kasih Karunia Cengkong, Tuban, Jawa Timur. Geneva - Jurnal Teologi dan Misi, Vol. 2, No.2, Desember 2020, https://e-journal.sttiaa.ac.id/ index.php/geneva/article/ view/32/20.

Barringer, Bruce and Duane Ireland. Entrepreneurship: Successfully Launching New Ventures Fifth Edition. Edinburgh: Pearson Education Limited, 2016.

Butarbutar, Lushak Andrews. M. (2015). Berbisnis Itu Untuk Membangun Kerajaan Allah, https://www.suarakristen.com/2015/02/22/berbisnis-itu-untuk-membangun-kerajaan-allah/.

Fisk, Peter. People, Planet, Profit: How to Embrace Sustainability for Innovation and Business Growth. United Kingdom: Kogan Page, 2010.

Hoekema, Anthony, A. Alkitab dan Akhir Zaman. Surabaya: Momentum, 2004.

Jubir Presiden (2021): Keputusan PPKM Darurat Atas Rekomendasi Ahli, https://www.idntimes.com/news/indonesia/vamela-aurina-2/jubir-presiden-keputusan-ppkm-darurat-atas-rekomendasi-ahli/.

Kompas.com (2021). [HOAKS] Masker Tidak Bisa Menangkal Virus dan Menyebabkan Pneumonia, https://www.kompas.com/tren/read/2021/06/ 16/100400765/-hoaks-masker-tidak-bisa-menangkal-virus-dan-menyebabkan-pneumonia

Krisna, Ari. Gereja Kristen Indonesia di Babarsari. Yogyakarta: 2009.

MacArthur, John. Think Biblically! Recovering a Christian Worldview. New York: Crossway Books, 2009.

Mishkin, Frederic and Stanley Eakins. Financial Markets and Institutions Eight Edition. Edinburgh: Pearson Education Limited, 2015.

Napitupulu, Irawati (2020). Pandangan Alkitab Tentang Lingkungan Hidup Dan Pengenalan Akan Allah Melalui Alam Semesta, https://binus.ac.id/ character-building/2020/ 05/pandangan-alkitab-tentang-lingkungan-hidup-dan-pengenalan-akan-allah-melalui-alam-semesta/.

Ngedi, Mika Daddu (2019). Praktik Kewirausahaan Gereja: Upaya Gereja Pentakosta Dalam Mengentaskan Kemiskinan di Kota Wamena. VISIO DEI: Jurnal Teologi Kristen, Vol. 1. No. 1 Juli 2019, http://jurnal.sttstarslub.ac.id/index.php/js/article/view/6/3 .

Nugroho, Fibry Jati (2021). Adapt or Perish: Pelayanan Gereja yang Relevan dalam Masa dan Pasca Pandemi. Gereja yang Sehat, 1 Maret 2021, Vol. 1, No.1, 2021, http://stt-su.ac.id/e-journal/index.php/prosiding/article/ viewFile/46/98.

Para, Nimrot Doke, Ezra Tari, Welfrid F. Ruku (2020). Peran Gereja Dalam Transformasi Pelayanan Diakonia. Jurnal Teologi Kontekstual Indonesia, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2020, https://journal.sttsimpson.ac.id/index.php/JTKI/ article/view/310/pdf.

Pasande, Purnama dan Ezra Tari (2019). Peran Gereja Dalam Pengembangan Program Kewirausahaan Di Era Digital. VISIO DEI: Jurnal Teologi Kristen, Vol. 1. No. 1 Juli 2019, http://jurnal.sttstarslub.ac.id/index.php/ js/article/view/6/3.

Pieris, Karen Winsdel Dinly (2015). Ketahanan dan Krisis Pangan dalam Perspektif Malthus, Depedensi dan Gender (Women in Development). Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Tahun VIII, No. 1, Januari-Juni 2015, http://journal.unair.ac.id/download-fullpapers-jhi6e16f5e39ffull.pdf.

Prakoso, Jaffry Prabu (2020). Survei LIPI: Lebih dari 70 Persen UMKM Alami Penurunan Omzet, https://ekonomi.bisnis.com/read/20201217/9/1332480/ survei-lipi-lebih-dari-70-persen-umkm-alami-penurunan-omzet.

Pujianto, Andi (2020). Pengertian Kelangkaan atau Scarcity dan Penyebabnya, https://www.ekonomikontekstual.com/pengertian-kelangkaan/.

Sambuaga, Rocky R. (2020), Bisnis dan Usaha dalam Konteks Teologi, http://gpibpaulusjakarta.org/newsite/bisnis-dan-usaha-dalam-konteks-teologi/.

Saragih, Markus (2020). Potret Wajah Gereja di Masa Pandemi Covid-19, https://pgi.or.id/potret-wajah-gereja-di-masa-pandemi-covid-19/.

Saragih, Rintan (2017). Membangun Usaha Kreatif, Inovatif Dan Bermanfaat Melalui Penerapan Kewirausahaan Sosial. Jurnal Kewirausahaan, Volume 3 Nomor 2, 2017, http://ejournal.lmiimedan.net/index.php/jk/article/view/ 21/pdf.

Solomon, G. T. Duffy, S., & A. Tarabishy (2002). The State of Entrepreneurship Education in The United States: A Nationwide Survey and Analysis. International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education.

Stassen, Glen H. dan David P. Gushee. Etika Kerajaan: Mengikut Yesus dalam Konteks Masa Kini. Surabaya: Momentum, 2008.

Supit, Abraham C. (2020). Suka Tidak Suka Digitalisasi Pelayanan Harus Dilakukan Gereja, https://vifamedia.com/suka-tidak-suka-digitalisasi-pelayanan-harus-dilakukan-gereja/.

Suwarto, Adi (2020). Kewirausahaan dan Panggilan Kristen: Sebuah Pendekatan Interpretatif-Dialogis, Sosio-Historis dan Teologis. KURIOS: Jurnal Teologi dan Pendidikan Agama Kristen., Volume 6, No. 1 (April 2020). https://sttpb.ac.id/e-journal/index.php/kurios/article/view/123/79.

Timo, Ynry Becitha (2019). Peran Gereja Dalam Menumbuhkan Minat Kewirausahan Di Kalangan Pemuda Pemudi GMIT Syalom Bosen Klasis Mollo Utara. https://repository.uksw.edu/bitstream/123456789/20249/2/ T1_712015123_Full%20text.pdf.

Tristiawati, Pramita (2020). Akibat Corona, 13 Perusahaan di Tangerang Bangkrut dan PHK Ribuan Karyawan, https://www.liputan6.com/ bisnis/read/4297306/akibat-corona-13-perusahaan-di-tangerang-bangkrut-dan-phk-ribuan-karyawan.

Vyhmeister, Nancy Jean. Quality Research Papers: for students of religions and theology. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan, 2001.

Warez, Monica (2021). Astaga! Oknum KAEF Dapat Rp 30 juta/hari dari Antigen Bekas, https://www.cnbcindonesia.com/market/20210430102947-17-242105/astaga-oknum-kaef-dapat-rp-30-juta-hari-dari-antigen-bekas.

Wijaya, Hengki (2015). Misi dan Pelayanan Sosial Manakah yang Lebih Penting, https://repository.sttjaffray.ac.id/media/269467-misi-dan-pelayanan-sosial-manakah-yang-l-5185bfbe.pdf.

Wong, Kenman L. and Scott B. Rae. Business for the Common Good: A Christian Vision for the Marketplace. Illionois: IVP Academic, 2011.

Published
2021-10-31
How to Cite
Silitonga, R., Veronica, J., Malvin, T., & Christian, H. (2021). Refleksi Teologis Gereja Dan Kewirausahaan Jemaat Di Masa Pandemik Coronaviruses Disease 2019 . Manna Rafflesia, 8(1), 77-103. https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v8i1.203
Section
Articles